VARIOUS CHARACTERISTICS OF THE MAHDI
THERE CAN BE NO DOUBT ABOUT THE
The Hadiths Regarding The Mahdi Are Tawatur
The word 'tawatur' means 'powerful news, an account based on a whole community and which cannot be wrong.' (Great Dictionary -Tür-Dav, 3003). According to hadith analysts, if an account has been related by several people, and if it is impossible for these people to have come together and fabricated it, then that account is said to be 'mutawatir' (known by common consensus of reporters). Many Islamic scholars have stated that our Prophet's (saas) hadiths on the subject of Hazrat Mahdi (as) are 'mutawatir'.
In Ibn Hajar Al-Askalani Fat-hal-Bari, it has become mutawatir that the Mahdi will be from this nation and the Prophet Jesus (as) will pray behind him. Shawkani also says that the number of hadiths reporting that Jesus (as) will return has reached to 29. He reported all of them and finally said: "The hadith we have reported reached the level of mutawatir. With this statement, we can conclude that the hadith about the awaited Mahdi, the hadith about the Dajjal and the return of Jesus (as) are mutawatir." (Sunan Ibn Majah 10/338)
The sahih hadith about the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) has become mutawatir.
According to their assumption, Hazrat Mahdi (as) has passed away and gone... However, the hadith concerning this subject are very well known. Moreover, they are at the level of spiritual tawatur and they contradict the words of the others.
There are many hadith reported by the Messenger of Allah (saas) at the level of mutawatir about the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as).
The existence of Hazrat Mahdi (as) and that he will emerge in the end times, that he is from the family of the Prophet (saas) and the sons of Fatima, are explained by hadith at the level of tawatur and there is no sense in denying these hadith. It has been proved by clear and explicit hadith that exceed the level of tawatur that Hazrat Mahdi (as) is from the predecessors of Fatima, that he will emerge before the end of the world, that he will bring justice and peace to this world which is full of injustice and oppression, that Jesus (as) will descend from the sky in his time and pray in his leadership.
One of the biggest signs of the day of resurrection is the emergence of a 'person' about whom there are many hadith that exceed the level of tawatur. Many hadith scholars have accepted that Hazrat Mahdi (as) comes from the Prophet's family, so it would be unbecoming to turn our backs on such a mutewatir subject. According to the belief of the righteous, Hazrat Mahdi (as) is different from Jesus (as). Hazrat Mahdi (as) will appear before the Messiah. This subject has become spread among the Sunni scholars to such an extent that it can be regarded as their belief.
Muhammad ibn Ali al- Sawkani said in his book called "at-Tawzih...":...These (The reports about Hazrat Mahdi (as), Dajjal and the Messiah) are undoubtedly mutawatir hadith. They can be seen as the command of the Prophet (saas). In this sense, just as the reports about the Dajjal and the Messiah are mutawatir, so are those about the Mahdi.
The hadith about Hazrat Mahdi (as) have exceeded the level of spiritual tawatur, there is no sense in their being rejected.
...The hadith about the Mahdi are more than the level of tawatur. They exist in the books "Sunan", "Masnad" and "Mu'cam.
1. Abu Abdillah Muhammad bin Yusuf Ganji, al-Bayan fi Akhbar Sa'hibi-z-Zaman, p. 126 2. Muhammad ibn Ahmad Qurtubi, Kitab Al-Tadhkirah Bi-Ahwal Al-Mawta Wa-Umur Al-akhirah, p. 710
Accounts of the Coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) by Islamic Scholars
Many great Islamic scholars have made statements confirming that no doubt attaches to the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as) in the final times. One of the best known of these is Muhyi Ad-Din Ibn Al-Arabi. In his work al-Futuhat al-Makkiyya, Arabi says:
'It is certain that when the world is full of cruelty and injustice, the caliph of Allah will rise up and fill the earth with justice and equality ... He will divide general earnings equally among the people, govern them with justice and decide on disputes between them ... Allah will order his activities in one night, and victory will always proceed him ... He will walk in the footsteps of the Prophet and never deviate from them ... He will do away with superstitions, and only the true religion will prevail...'
'It is certain that one called the Mahdi from the People of the House will appear and rule the lands of Islam. Muslims will follow him, and He will govern them with justice and strengthen the religion. After that, the Anti-Christ will emerge, and the Messiah (the Prophet Jesus) and either kill the Anti-Christ or help the Mahdi to do so.'
'The essence of the promise regarding the Mahdi is this: He will appear soon, at the end of time ... At a time when the world is full of cruelty and injustice, he will fill it with justice and good governance. It is certain that he will bring the law of Islam to the fore and will give new life to the weakened Sunna of the Prophet.'
'May Allah have compassion on you and may you know that there is no doubt about the coming of the promised Mahdi. Three hundred and more hadiths and works have proved this.'
Alongside these statements of famous Islamic scholars, there are also detailed accounts of the belief of the People of the Sunna regarding the coming of Hazrat Mahdi (as). Some of these are as follows:
In his book "Sharh us-Sunnah", Hanbali Abu Muhammad al-Barbahari writes of the belief of the People of the Sunna, '... The belief that Jesus, son of Mary, will come down from the sky and kill the Anti-Christ, and that he will pray behind Qaim (the Mahdi) of the sons of the Prophet Muhammad.'
'Based on the true hadiths, one certain belief is in the existence of the Mahdi (who will appear). In his time, the Anti-Christ and the Messiah will appear.'
'In his book Sharh us-Sunnah Abu Al-Asbal Ahmad Ahmad Muhammad Shakir writes: According to this Sunna that has come down from many of the companions of the Prophet, belief in the Mahdi is proven, and nobody has the right to entertain any doubts on the matter.'
'This means that it is obligatory to believe that the Mahdi will appear, and it is necessary to believe that in order to abide by the commands of the Prophet. This matter has been recorded and proven in the books of faith of the People of the Sunna.'